About the Authors

Liam Townsend

Contributed equally to this work with: Liam Townsend, Adam H. Dyer

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft

townsenl@tcd.ie

Affiliations Department of Infectious Diseases, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Adam H. Dyer

Contributed equally to this work with: Liam Townsend, Adam H. Dyer

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – original draft

Affiliations Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Medical Gerontology, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Karen Jones

Roles Investigation, Validation

Affiliation Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Jean Dunne

Roles Investigation, Validation

Affiliation Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Aoife Mooney

Roles Investigation, Validation

Affiliation Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Fiona Gaffney

Roles Investigation, Validation

Affiliation Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Laura O'Connor

Roles Investigation, Validation

Affiliation Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Deirdre Leavy

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Kate O'Brien

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Department of Physiotherapy, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Joanne Dowds

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Department of Physiotherapy, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Jamie A. Sugrue

Roles Investigation

Affiliation School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

David Hopkins

Roles Investigation

Affiliation School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Ignacio Martin-Loeches

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Intensive Care Medicine, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Cliona Ni Cheallaigh

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Infectious Diseases, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Parthiban Nadarajan

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Respiratory Medicine, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Anne Marie McLaughlin

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Respiratory Medicine, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Nollaig M. Bourke

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medical Gerontology, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Colm Bergin

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Infectious Diseases, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Cliona O'Farrelly

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Comparative Immunology, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Ciaran Bannan

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ CB and NC also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations Department of Infectious Diseases, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Niall Conlon

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ CB and NC also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations Department of Immunology, St James’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.