About the Authors

Zahra Raisi-Estabragh

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations William Harvey Research Institute, NIHR Barts Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom, Barts Heart Centre, St Bartholomew’s Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom

Jackie Cooper

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Software, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations William Harvey Research Institute, NIHR Barts Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom, Barts Heart Centre, St Bartholomew’s Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom

Rebekah Judge

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Imperial College Healthcare Trust, St Mary’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom

Mohammed Y. Khanji

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliations William Harvey Research Institute, NIHR Barts Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom, Barts Heart Centre, St Bartholomew’s Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom

Patricia B. Munroe

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliation William Harvey Research Institute, NIHR Barts Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

Cyrus Cooper

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliations MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit (MRCLEU), Southampton, United Kingdom, NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom, NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Nicholas C. Harvey

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit (MRCLEU), Southampton, United Kingdom, NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom

Steffen E. Petersen

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

s.e.petersen@qmul.ac.uk

Affiliations William Harvey Research Institute, NIHR Barts Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom, Barts Heart Centre, St Bartholomew’s Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: SEP acts as a paid consultant to Circle Cardiovascular Imaging Inc., Calgary, Canada and Servier. NCH has received consultancy, lecture fees, and honoraria from Alliance for Better Bone Health, Amgen, MSD, Eli Lilly, Servier, Shire, Radius Health, UCB, Consilient Healthcare, Kyowa Kirin and Internis Pharma. The remaining authors have nothing to disclose. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.