About the Authors

Junxiu Liu

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – original draft

Junxiu.liu@tufts.edu

Affiliation Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Colin D. Rehm

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America

Peilin Shi

Roles Formal analysis

Affiliation Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Nicola M. McKeown

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Dariush Mozaffarian

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors are equally contributor and senior authors.

Affiliation Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Renata Micha

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors are equally contributor and senior authors.

Affiliation Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

Dr. Micha reports research funding from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Danone; and personal fees from Bunge, and Development Initiatives for serving as the co-chair of the Global Nutrition Report; all outside the submitted work; Dr. Mozaffarian reports research funding from the National Institutes of Health and the Gates Foundation; personal fees from GOED, Bunge, Indigo Agriculture, Motif FoodWorks, Amarin, Acasti Pharma, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, America’s Test Kitchen, and Danone; scientific advisory board, Brightseed, DayTwo, Elysium Health, Filtricine, HumanCo, and Tiny Organics; and chapter royalties from UpToDate; all outside the submitted work; Dr. McKeown receives funding, in part, from the General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, ILSI North America, Food Minds, and has an unrestricted gift from P&G; and serves on the scientific advisory board for the Whole Grains Council, all outside the submitted work; and Dr. Rehm reports consulting fees from the Dairy Management Institute, PepsiCo, General Mills, Unilever and Florida Department of Citrus; all outside the submitted work. The remaining authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.