About the Authors

Kenneth D. Roe

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Johns Hopkins Malone Center for Engineering in Healthcare, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, The Institute of Clinical and Translational Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America

Vibhu Jawa

Roles Formal analysis, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Johns Hopkins Malone Center for Engineering in Healthcare, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering, Baltimore, MD, United States of America

Xiaohan Zhang

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Health Sciences Informatics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America

Christopher G. Chute

Roles Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Johns Hopkins Malone Center for Engineering in Healthcare, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, The Institute of Clinical and Translational Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, Division of Health Sciences Informatics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America

Jeremy A. Epstein

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America

Jordan Matelsky

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, United States of America

Ilya Shpitser

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Johns Hopkins Malone Center for Engineering in Healthcare, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering, Baltimore, MD, United States of America

Casey Overby Taylor

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

cot@jhu.edu

Affiliations Johns Hopkins Malone Center for Engineering in Healthcare, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, The Institute of Clinical and Translational Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, Division of Health Sciences Informatics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interest exist.