About the Authors

Onella Charles

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Resources, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada

Igho Onakpoya

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Simran Benipal

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Resources, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada

Hannah Woods

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada

Anjli Bali

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada

Jeffrey K. Aronson

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Carl Heneghan

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Nav Persaud

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Resources, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

nav.persaud@utoronto.ca

Affiliations MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada, Department of Family and Community Medicine, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario

Competing Interests

NP reports grants from Canadian Institutes for Health Research, the Ontario SPOR Support Unit, and Physicians Services Incorporated during the conduct of the study. IO is a part of the Evidence Synthesis Working Group which is funded by the National Institute of Health Research School for Primary Care Research (NIHR SPCR) [Project Number 390]. JKA has written reviews, commentaries, and medicolegal reports on various aspects of prescribing, and has sometimes received remuneration. CH has received expenses and fees for his media work. CH has received expenses from the WHO and holds grant funding from the NIHR, the NIHR School of Primary Care Research, The Wellcome Trust and is a NIHR Senior Investigator. CH has received financial remuneration from an asbestos case. CH has also received income from the publication of a series of toolkit books published by Blackwell’s. On occasion, CH receives expenses for teaching EBM and is also paid for his GP work in NHS out of hours. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials. All other authors declare no competing interests.