About the Authors

Giovanni Sala

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan

Daniela Jopp

Roles Writing – original draft

Affiliation Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Fernand Gobet

Roles Writing – original draft

Affiliation Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom

Madoka Ogawa

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo, Japan

Yoshiko Ishioka

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Graduate School of Science and Technology, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan

Yukie Masui

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Project administration

Affiliation Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo, Japan

Hiroki Inagaki

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo, Japan

Takeshi Nakagawa

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi, Japan

Saori Yasumoto

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Graduate School of Human Sciences, University of Osaka, Osaka, Japan

Tatsuro Ishizaki

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo, Japan

Yasumichi Arai

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Center for Supercentenarian Medical Research, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan

Kazunori Ikebe

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

Kei Kamide

Roles Data curation, Investigation

Affiliation Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

Yasuyuki Gondo

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Software, Writing – original draft

ygondo@hus.osaka-u.ac.jp

Affiliation Graduate School of Human Sciences, University of Osaka, Osaka, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.