About the Authors

Saralee Srivorakul

Contributed equally to this work with: Saralee Srivorakul, Thunyamas Guntawang

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Thunyamas Guntawang

Contributed equally to this work with: Saralee Srivorakul, Thunyamas Guntawang

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Validation

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Varankpicha Kochagul

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Kornravee Photichai

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Tidaratt Sittisak

Roles Investigation, Methodology

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Thittaya Janyamethakul

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Patara Elephant Farm, Hang Dong, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Khajohnpat Boonprasert

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Center of Excellence in Elephant and Wildlife Research, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Siripat Khammesri

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Maesa Elephant Camp, Mae Rim, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Warangkhana Langkaphin

Roles Investigation

Affiliation National Elephant Institute, Forest Industry Organization, Lampang, Thailand

Veerasak Punyapornwithaya

Roles Formal analysis

Affiliation Department of Food Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Phongsakorn Chuammitri

Roles Methodology

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Chatchote Thitaram

Roles Investigation, Resources

Affiliations Center of Excellence in Elephant and Wildlife Research, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, Department of Companion Animals and Wildlife Clinics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Kidsadagon Pringproa

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

kidsadagon.p@cmu.ac.th

Affiliations Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, Center of Excellence in Elephant and Wildlife Research, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.