About the Authors

Jessica M. Yingst

Contributed equally to this work with: Jessica M. Yingst, Jonathan Foulds, Andrea L. Hobkirk

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Project administration, Writing – original draft

jyingst@phs.psu.edu

Affiliation Department of Public Health Sciences, Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States of America

Jonathan Foulds

Contributed equally to this work with: Jessica M. Yingst, Jonathan Foulds, Andrea L. Hobkirk

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Public Health Sciences, Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States of America

Susan Veldheer

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Public Health Sciences, Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States of America

Shari Hrabovsky

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Public Health Sciences, Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States of America

Neil Trushin

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Public Health Sciences, Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States of America

Thomas T. Eissenberg

Roles Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Center for the Study on Tobacco Products, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States of America

Jill Williams

Roles Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Division of Addiction Psychiatry, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, United States of America

John P. Richie

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Public Health Sciences, Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States of America

Travis T. Nichols

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States of America

Stephen J. Wilson

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States of America

Andrea L. Hobkirk

Contributed equally to this work with: Jessica M. Yingst, Jonathan Foulds, Andrea L. Hobkirk

Roles Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Public Health Sciences, Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States of America

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: JF has done paid consulting for pharmaceutical companies involved in producing smoking cessation medications, including GSK, Pfizer, Novartis, J&J, and Cypress Bioscience. TE is a paid consultant in litigation against the tobacco industry and is named on a patent application for a device that measures the puffing behavior of electronic cigarette users. There are no other competing interests to report for other authors.