About the Authors

Gaétan de Rassenfosse

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

gaetan.derassenfosse@epfl.ch

Affiliation Chair of Innovation and IP Policy, College of Management of Technology, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland

Adam Jaffe

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations MIT Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, MA, United States of America, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, United States of America, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research, Wellington, New Zealand, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

Emilio Raiteri

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Chair of Innovation and IP Policy, College of Management of Technology, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland, School of Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.