About the Authors

Smritee Dabee

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, DST-NRF CAPRISA Centre of Excellence in HIV Prevention, Durban, South Africa

Shaun L. Barnabas

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation (DTHF), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Katie S. Lennard

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Shameem Z. Jaumdally

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, DST-NRF CAPRISA Centre of Excellence in HIV Prevention, Durban, South Africa

Hoyam Gamieldien

Roles Methodology

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Christina Balle

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Anna-Ursula Happel

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, DST-NRF CAPRISA Centre of Excellence in HIV Prevention, Durban, South Africa

Brandon D. Murugan

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Anna-Lise Williamson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, SAMRC-UCT Gynaecological Cancer Research Center (GCRC), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, National Health Laboratory Service, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

Nonhlanhla Mkhize

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation

Affiliation Centre for HIV and STIs, National Institute for Communicable Disease (NICD), National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa

Janan Dietrich

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation

Affiliation Perinatal HIV Research Unit (PHRU), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Diepkloof, Johannesburg, South Africa

David A. Lewis

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Western Sydney Local Health District, Parramatta, Australia, Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity & Sydney Medical School-Westmead, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

Francesca Chiodi

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Thomas J. Hope

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America

Robin Shattock

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Glenda Gray

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Perinatal HIV Research Unit (PHRU), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Diepkloof, Johannesburg, South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa

Linda-Gail Bekker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation (DTHF), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Heather B. Jaspan

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Seattle Children’s Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Jo-Ann S. Passmore

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Jo-ann.Passmore@uct.ac.za

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, DST-NRF CAPRISA Centre of Excellence in HIV Prevention, Durban, South Africa, SAMRC-UCT Gynaecological Cancer Research Center (GCRC), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, National Health Laboratory Service, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.