About the Authors

Okeoma Mmeje

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

ommeje@umich.edu

Current address: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States of America

Betty Njoroge

Roles Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Centre for Microbiology Research, Nairobi, Kenya

Pauline Wekesa

Roles Data curation, Project administration, Writing – original draft

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Centre for Microbiology Research, Nairobi, Kenya, Research Care and Treatment Program (RCTP)—Family AIDS Care & Education Services (FACES), Kisumu, Kenya

Alfred Murage

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft

Current address: Harley Street Fertility Centre, Nairobi, Kenya

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya

Raphael O. Ondondo

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Centre for Microbiology Research, Nairobi, Kenya, Research Care and Treatment Program (RCTP)—Family AIDS Care & Education Services (FACES), Kisumu, Kenya, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST), Kakamega, Kenya

Sheryl van der Poel

Roles Validation, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Population Council, NY, United States of America

Affiliation WHO/HRP (the UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction), Geneva, Switzerland

Mary A. Guzé

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States of America

Starley B. Shade

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Project administration, Supervision

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Prevention Services, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States of America

Elizabeth A. Bukusi

Roles Project administration, Supervision

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Centre for Microbiology Research, Nairobi, Kenya, Research Care and Treatment Program (RCTP)—Family AIDS Care & Education Services (FACES), Kisumu, Kenya

Deborah Cohan

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States of America

Craig R. Cohen

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision

Affiliations Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States of America, Research Care and Treatment Program (RCTP)—Family AIDS Care & Education Services (FACES), Kisumu, Kenya

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.