About the Authors

Charitini Stavropoulou

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Investigation, Methodology, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

C.Stavropoulou@city.ac.uk

Affiliation School of Health Sciences, City, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Melek Somai

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Software, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

John P. A. Ioannidis

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States of America, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States of America, Department of Statistics, Stanford University School of Humanities and Science, Stanford, CA, United States of America, Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.