About the Authors

Paula Perez

Contributed equally to this work with: Paula Perez, Tamara Reid Bush, Laura Bix

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America

Tamara Reid Bush

Contributed equally to this work with: Paula Perez, Tamara Reid Bush, Laura Bix

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Mechanical Engineering Dept., Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America

Hyokyoung G. Hong

Roles Formal analysis, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Statistics and Probability, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America

Wu Pan

Roles Investigation, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Mechanical Engineering Dept., Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America

Larissa Miller

Roles Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Advanced Chronic Nursing Care, Nursing Program, Lansing Community College, Lansing, MI, United States of America

Laura Bix

Contributed equally to this work with: Paula Perez, Tamara Reid Bush, Laura Bix

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

bixlaura@msu.edu

Affiliation School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America

Competing Interests

Travel support related to the medical device industry (over the past five years) has been provided by: HealthPack Conference Organizers, Q1 Productions, Orthoworld, Institute of Packaging Professionals (Puerto Rico Chapter) and Plastics News. These supporters had no role in designing the study; collecting, analyzing or interpreting the data; writing the publication or deciding to submit. Their support does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials. Work presented here was funded by an Investigator Initiated Grant provided by the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Foundation we are grateful for this support. A portion of Dr. Bix’s salary is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Hatch project MICL02263. Dhuanne Dodrill at Rollprint, LLC provided the base pouch and material which was used to modify pouches in order to create outward curling treatments. Kent Hevenor at Sencorp White provided a flat platen and “glass jacket” for our heat sealer which was utilized to induce the inward roll treatments. Dan Penny at Cardinal Health provided gloves, sterile drapes and tongue depressors. Their support is appreciated. These supporters, both financial and in-kind, had no role in designing the study; collecting, analyzing or interpreting the data; writing the publication or deciding to submit. Their involvement does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.