About the Authors

Soo Borson

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

soob@uw.edu

Affiliation Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine and Psychosocial and Community Health, School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington

Patrick Mobley

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Data Scientist, Boston, Massachusetts

Karl Fernstrom

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Research Scientist, Health Policy and Health Economics, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota

Paige Bingham

Roles Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources

Affiliation Director, Allina Health Group, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Tatiana Sadak

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Psychosocial and Community Health, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington

Heather R. Britt

Roles Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Senior Director, Minnesota Hospital Association, St. Paul, Minnesota

Competing Interests

This work was conducted when authors PM, KF, PB, and HB were employees of, and SB had a research consulting role with, the Care Delivery Research Division, Allina Health, a non-profit health care system based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America. The LifeCourse approach and study were funded by the Robina Foundation. Allina Health and the Robina Foundation provided support in the form of salaries and research materials for PM, KF, PB, and HB; neither organization played any role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The specific roles of these authors are articulated in the “author contributions” section. The authors declare no competing interests with regard to commercial development, intellectual property, or any other matter. The employment relationship existing at the time of this study between authors PM, KF, PB, and HB and Allina Health, the conditions of funding for the study by the Robina Foundation, and the research consultant relationship of author SB with Allina Health in no way alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing of data and materials.