About the Authors

Glenn-Milo Santos

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

glenn-milo.santos@ucsf.edu

Current address: San Francisco, California

Affiliations Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Christopher Rowe

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Jaclyn Hern

Roles Data curation, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

John E. Walker

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Arsheen Ali

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Marcial Ornelaz

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Maximo Prescott

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Phillip Coffin

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Division of HIV, ID & Global Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Willi McFarland

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

H. Fisher Raymond

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors of this article declare no conflicts. Co-author Phillip Coffin has directed NIH-funded studies that have received donated medications from Alkermes (2013-2015) to treat methamphetamine dependence and Gilead (2016-2017) to treat Hepatitis C infections. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.