About the Authors

Janel Hanmer

Contributed equally to this work with: Janel Hanmer, Barry Dewitt

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

hanmerjz@upmc.edu

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Barry Dewitt

Contributed equally to this work with: Janel Hanmer, Barry Dewitt

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – original draft

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Engineering and Public Policy and Institute for Politics and Strategy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Lan Yu

Roles Conceptualization, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Joel Tsevat

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Long School of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas and Department of Population Health, Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America

Mark Roberts

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations Department of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Dennis Revicki

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Outcomes Research, Evidera, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Paul A. Pilkonis

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Rachel Hess

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Division of Health System Innovation and Research, University of Utah Schools of the Health Sciences, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

Ron D. Hays

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Division of General Internal Medicine & Health Services Research, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Baruch Fischhoff

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Engineering and Public Policy and Institute for Politics and Strategy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

David Feeny

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Economics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

David Condon

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

David Cella

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Writing – review & editing

‡ JH and BD are primary authors on this work. The other authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

David Feeny has a proprietary interest in Health Utilities Incorporated, Dundas, Ontario, Canada. HUInc. distributes copyrighted Health Utilities Index (HUI) materials and provides methodological advice on the use of the HUI. Dennis Revicki is employed by Evidera, Inc. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.