About the Authors

Rebecca R. McIntosh

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

rmcintosh@penguins.org.au

Affiliation Research Department, Phillip Island Nature Parks, Cowes, Victoria, Australia

Steve P. Kirkman

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Environmental Affairs, Oceans and Coasts Research, Victoria and Alfred Waterfront, Cape Town, South Africa, Animal Demography Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Sam Thalmann

Roles Data curation, Project administration, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Duncan R. Sutherland

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Research Department, Phillip Island Nature Parks, Cowes, Victoria, Australia

Anthony Mitchell

Roles Data curation, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, Orbost, Victoria, Australia

John P. Y. Arnould

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia

Marcus Salton

Roles Data curation, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Research Department, Phillip Island Nature Parks, Cowes, Victoria, Australia, Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia

David J. Slip

Roles Data curation, Funding acquisition, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia, Taronga Conservation Society Australia, Mosman, New South Wales, Australia

Peter Dann

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Research Department, Phillip Island Nature Parks, Cowes, Victoria, Australia

Roger Kirkwood

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Wageningen Marine Research, Den Helder, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.