About the Authors

Douglas A. Daugherty

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

doug.daugherty@indwes.edu

Affiliations Psychology Department, Behavioral Sciences Division, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, Indiana, United States of America, LifeData, LLC, Marion, Indiana, United States of America

Jason D. Runyan

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – original draft

Affiliations Psychology Department, Behavioral Sciences Division, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, Indiana, United States of America, LifeData, LLC, Marion, Indiana, United States of America, Lumen Research Institute, Excelsia College, Sydney, Australia

Timothy A. Steenbergh

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Psychology Department, Behavioral Sciences Division, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, Indiana, United States of America, LifeData, LLC, Marion, Indiana, United States of America, Lumen Research Institute, Excelsia College, Sydney, Australia

Betty Jane Fratzke

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Methodology, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Psychology Department, Behavioral Sciences Division, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, Indiana, United States of America

Brian N. Fry

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Sociology Department, Marion, Indiana, United States of America

Emma Westra

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Investigation, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Psychology Department, Behavioral Sciences Division, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, Indiana, United States of America

Competing Interests

DAD, JDR, TAS and BNF are founding co-partners of LifeData, LLC, an experience sampling software company. The LifeData system and app were used in this study. This study was supported by an endowed grant that was funded by the Lilly Foundation, which is not-profit organization. There are no patents, further products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter our adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.