About the Authors

Sebastian Bauhoff

Contributed equally to this work with: Sebastian Bauhoff, Dirk Göpffarth

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

sbauhoff@cgdev.org

Affiliation Center for Global Development, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Dirk Göpffarth

Contributed equally to this work with: Sebastian Bauhoff, Dirk Göpffarth

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation State Chancellery of North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf, Germany

Competing Interests

This research was conducted in collaboration with the Barmer health plan, which also provided a nominal honorarium to the authors. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.