About the Authors

Alia J. Crum

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Project administration, Visualization, Writing – original draft

crum@stanford.edu

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States of America

Modupe Akinola

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Columbia Business School, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States of America

Bradley P. Turnwald

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States of America

Ted J. Kaptchuk

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America, Program in Placebo Studies, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America

Kathryn T. Hall

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – original draft

Affiliations Program in Placebo Studies, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.