About the Authors

Samantha J. Ziegler

Contributed equally to this work with: Samantha J. Ziegler, Chang Liu

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Chang Liu

Contributed equally to this work with: Samantha J. Ziegler, Chang Liu

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Validation

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Mark Landau

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Validation

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America, Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Olga Buzovetsky

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Belete A. Desimmie

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Mutation Section, HIV Dynamics and Replication Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Qi Zhao

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Tomoaki Sasaki

Roles Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Ryan C. Burdick

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Mutation Section, HIV Dynamics and Replication Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Vinay K. Pathak

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources, Supervision

Affiliation Viral Mutation Section, HIV Dynamics and Replication Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Karen S. Anderson

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America, Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Yong Xiong

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

yong.xiong@yale.edu

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.