About the Authors

Lianping Ti

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

María Eugenia Socías

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliations British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Evan Wood

Roles Funding acquisition, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

M-J Milloy

Roles Funding acquisition, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Ekaterina Nosova

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Kora DeBeck

Roles Funding acquisition, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, School of Public Policy, Simon Fraser University, Suite, Vancouver, BC Canada

Thomas Kerr

Roles Funding acquisition, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Kanna Hayashi

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

uhri-kh@cfenet.ubc.ca

Affiliations British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada

Competing Interests

Dr. M-J Milloy's institution has received an unstructured gift from NG Biomed, Ltd., to support his research. Dr. María Eugenia Socías is supported by a MSFHR post-doctoral fellowship award and a Canada Addiction Medicine Research Fellowship from NIDA at the NIH (R25-DA037756). This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.