About the Authors

Saraswathi Vedam

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

saraswathi.vedam@ubc.ca

Affiliations Birth Place Lab, Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, University of Sydney, School of Medicine, Sydney, Australia

Kathrin Stoll

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Birth Place Lab, Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Marian MacDorman

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Investigation, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Eugene Declercq

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Renee Cramer

Roles Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Law, Politics and Society, Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, United States of America

Melissa Cheyney

Roles Conceptualization, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University College of Liberal Arts, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

Timothy Fisher

Roles Conceptualization, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth University, Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States of America

Emma Butt

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Birth Place Lab, Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Y. Tony Yang

Roles Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Health Administration and Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States of America

Holly Powell Kennedy

Roles Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Midwifery, Yale School of Nursing, Orange, Connecticut, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.