About the Authors

Adele Costabile

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Investigation, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

adele.costabile@roehampton.ac.uk

Affiliation Health Sciences Research Centre, Life Sciences Department, Whitelands College, University of Roehampton, London, United Kingdom

Ivan Buttarazzi

Roles Formal analysis

Affiliation Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

Sofia Kolida

Roles Data curation, Funding acquisition

Affiliation Optibiotix Health plc, Innovation Centre, Innovation Way, Heslington, York, United Kingdom

Sara Quercia

Roles Formal analysis

Affiliation Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Jessica Baldini

Roles Formal analysis

Affiliation Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Jonathan R. Swann

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Division of Computational and Systems Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Patrizia Brigidi

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Glenn R. Gibson

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

This study was supported by Optibiotix Health plc. Optibiotix Health plc provided support in the form of salary for author Sofia Kolida, as well as the probiotic used within this research. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.