About the Authors

Daniel Randles

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

michael.inzlicht@utoronto.ca

Affiliation Department of Psychology, the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Iain Harlow

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Learning and Data Science group, Cerego, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Michael Inzlicht

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Psychology, the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Rotman School of Management, the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The 2nd author, Iain Harlow, is an employee of Cerego. Additionally, Cerego provided the dataset for our analysis. Their ownership of the data prevents us from freely publishing and distributing the data. However, we have permission to distribute the data to requesting individuals, provided they list who will have access to the data, not re-distribute the data, and only publish summary statistics from subsequent analyses. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.