About the Authors

Tiffany L. Chen

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, United States of America

Tapomayukh Bhattacharjee

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, United States of America

Jenay M. Beer

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, United States of America, College of Social Work, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, United States of America, School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, United States of America

Lena H. Ting

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, United States of America, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, United States of America

Madeleine E. Hackney

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Atlanta VA Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Atlanta, GA, United States of America

Wendy A. Rogers

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, United States of America, Department of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, United States of America

Charles C. Kemp

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

charlie.kemp@bme.gatech.edu

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, United States of America

Competing Interests

Charles C. Kemp is a co-founder, a board member, an equity holder, and the CTO of Hello Robot, Inc., which is developing products related to this research. This research could affect his personal financial status. The terms of this arrangement have been reviewed and approved by Georgia Tech in accordance with its conflict of interest policies. Hello Robot, Inc. did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.