About the Authors

Hae-Dong Jang

Affiliation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Jae-Young Hong

osspine@korea.ac.kr

Affiliation Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Hospital, Ansan, South Korea

Kyungdo Han

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Seoul, South Korea

Jae Chul Lee

Affiliation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Byung-Joon Shin

Affiliation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Sung-Woo Choi

Affiliation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Seung-Woo Suh

Affiliation Scoliosis Research Institute, Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Medical College, Guro Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Jae-Hyuk Yang

Affiliation Scoliosis Research Institute, Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Medical College, Guro Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Si-Young Park

Affiliation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University, College of Medicine, Anam Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Chungwon Bang

Affiliation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cheonan Hospital, Soonchunhyang University, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: HDJ JYH JCL SWS CWB. Data curation: HDJ JYH KDH SYP CWB. Formal analysis: JYH KDH JCL BJS JHY. Funding acquisition: JYH. Investigation: HDJ JYH BJS SYP. Methodology: HDJ JYH KDH JCL CWB. Project administration: HDJ JYH JCL JHY. Resources: JYH KDH SWC CWB. Supervision: JYH BJS SWS. Validation: HDJ KDH SWC CWB. Visualization: HDJ JYH SWC CWB. Writing – original draft: HDJ JYH JHY SYP. Writing – review & editing: HDJ JYH BJS SWS CWB.