About the Authors

Robert Blasiak

robert.blasiak@su.se

Affiliations Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan, United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Jessica Spijkers

Affiliations Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Queensland, Australia

Kanae Tokunaga

Affiliation Ocean Alliance, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Jeremy Pittman

Affiliation School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada

Nobuyuki Yagi

Affiliation Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Henrik Österblom

Affiliation Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: RB JS NY HÖ JP KT. Formal analysis: RB KT. Methodology: RB JS. Writing – original draft: RB HÖ JP NY. Writing – review & editing: RB.