About the Authors

Romain Palich

Contributed equally to this work with: Romain Palich, Leonid M. Irenge, Denis Malvy, Jean-Luc Gala

romain.palich@alima-ngo.org

‡ DM and JLG also contributed equally to this work. RP and LMI are first authors on this work. DM and JLG are senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Alliance for International Medical Action, Dakar, Senegal

Leonid M. Irenge

Contributed equally to this work with: Romain Palich, Leonid M. Irenge, Denis Malvy, Jean-Luc Gala

‡ DM and JLG also contributed equally to this work. RP and LMI are first authors on this work. DM and JLG are senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Center for Applied Molecular Technologies, Louvain Catholic University, Brussels, Belgium

Eric Barte de Sainte Fare

Affiliation Alliance for International Medical Action, Dakar, Senegal

Augustin Augier

Affiliation Alliance for International Medical Action, Dakar, Senegal

Denis Malvy

Contributed equally to this work with: Romain Palich, Leonid M. Irenge, Denis Malvy, Jean-Luc Gala

‡ DM and JLG also contributed equally to this work. RP and LMI are first authors on this work. DM and JLG are senior authors on this work.

Affiliations Department of Tropical Medicine and Clinical International Health, Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University Hospital of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France, INSERM1219, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France

Jean-Luc Gala

Contributed equally to this work with: Romain Palich, Leonid M. Irenge, Denis Malvy, Jean-Luc Gala

‡ DM and JLG also contributed equally to this work. RP and LMI are first authors on this work. DM and JLG are senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Center for Applied Molecular Technologies, Louvain Catholic University, Brussels, Belgium

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: RP EBSF JLG. Data curation: EBSF AA. Formal analysis: RP LI JLG DM. Investigation: RP LI JLG. Methodology: RP LI JLG DM. Project administration: EBSF AA JLG. Resources: EBSF AA JLG. Supervision: AA. Validation: JLG DM. Visualization: RP LI. Writing – original draft: RP LI. Writing – review & editing: RP LI JLG DM.