About the Authors

Norbert Georg Schwarz

Contributed equally to this work with: Norbert Georg Schwarz, Eva Mertens

Affiliation Research group Infectious disease epidemiology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Eva Mertens

Contributed equally to this work with: Norbert Georg Schwarz, Eva Mertens

mertens@bnitm.de

Affiliations Research group Infectious disease epidemiology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany, German Center for Infection Research, Hamburg Borstel-Lübeck, Germany

Doris Winter

Affiliations Research group Infectious disease epidemiology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany, German Center for Infection Research, Hamburg Borstel-Lübeck, Germany

Oumou Maiga-Ascofaré

Affiliations Research group Infectious disease epidemiology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany, German Center for Infection Research, Hamburg Borstel-Lübeck, Germany, Research group Medicine in the Tropics, Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research, Kumasi, Ghana

Denise Dekker

Affiliations Research group Infectious disease epidemiology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany, German Center for Infection Research, Hamburg Borstel-Lübeck, Germany

Stephanie Jansen

Affiliation WHO Collaborating Centre for Arbovirus and Haemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Dennis Tappe

Affiliation Research group Zoonoses, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Njary Randriamampionona

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Université d’Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar

Jürgen May

Affiliations Research group Infectious disease epidemiology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany, German Center for Infection Research, Hamburg Borstel-Lübeck, Germany

Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Université d’Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar

Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit

Affiliation WHO Collaborating Centre for Arbovirus and Haemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: NS EM. Data curation: NS. Formal analysis: NS. Funding acquisition: NS JSC. Investigation: NS EM OMA NR RR. Methodology: DW EM SJ JSC. Project administration: NS EM RR. Resources: RR JM. Supervision: NS EM JS-C. Validation: NS EM. Visualization: NS. Writing – original draft: NS EM. Writing – review & editing: NS EM DW OMA DD SJ DT NR JM RR JSC.