About the Authors

Xiaohang Li

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Jialin Zhang

jlz2200@126.com

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Baifeng Li

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Dehui Yi

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Chengshuo Zhang

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Ning Sun

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Wu Lv

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Ao Jiao

Affiliation Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: XL JZ BL. Formal analysis: BL DY. Investigation: CZ NS. Methodology: WL AJ. Software: XL. Supervision: JZ. Writing – original draft: XL. Writing – review & editing: JZ.