About the Authors

Ibrahima Téguété

Affiliation Hôpital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

Amadou Dolo

Affiliation Hôpital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

Kotou Sangare

Affiliation Laboratory of Applied Molecular Biology (LBMA), Science and Technologies Faculty (FST), University of Science Techniques and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Abdoulaye Sissoko

Affiliation Laboratory of Applied Molecular Biology (LBMA), Science and Technologies Faculty (FST), University of Science Techniques and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Mali Rochas

Affiliation GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, RI, United States of America

Sarah Beseme

Affiliation GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, RI, United States of America

Karamoko Tounkara

Affiliation Foundation GAIA, Bamako, Mali

Shahla Yekta

Affiliation GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, RI, United States of America

Anne S. De Groot

dr.annie.degroot@gmail.com

‡ These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliations GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, RI, United States of America, Institute for Immunology and Informatics (iCubed), University of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, United States of America

Ousmane A. Koita

‡ These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Laboratory of Applied Molecular Biology (LBMA), Science and Technologies Faculty (FST), University of Science Techniques and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Competing Interests

There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This study was supported in part by a research grant from the Investigator-Initiated Studies Program of Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp (MS&D). EpiVax, Inc. also provided funding in the form of salaries for author Anne S. De Groot. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: ADG IT MR OAK. Data curation: SB MR ADG. Formal analysis: SB MR ADG. Funding acquisition: ADG MR. Investigation: KS AS SY. Methodology: KT AD IT MR OAK ADG. Project administration: MR KT. Resources: AD IT. Supervision: IT ADG OAK. Writing – original draft: SB ADG SY. Writing – review & editing: SB ADG SY.