About the Authors

Katharine J. Carney

carneyk@si.edu

Affiliation Marine Invasions Research Laboratory, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

Mark S. Minton

Affiliation Marine Invasions Research Laboratory, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

Kimberly K. Holzer

Affiliation Marine Invasions Research Laboratory, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

A. Whitman Miller

Affiliation Marine Invasions Research Laboratory, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

Linda D. McCann

Affiliation Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Romberg Tiburon Center, Tiburon, California, United States of America

Gregory M. Ruiz

Affiliation Marine Invasions Research Laboratory, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: GMR AWM MSM KJC KKH. Data curation: KJC MSM. Formal analysis: MSM KJC. Funding acquisition: GMR AWM. Investigation: KJC KKH LDM. Methodology: GMR AWM KJC KKH LDM MSM. Project administration: KJC KKH GMR. Resources: GMR. Software: MSM. Supervision: GMR. Validation: MSM. Visualization: MSM KJC. Writing – original draft: KJC MSM. Writing – review & editing: KJC MSM KKH AWM LDM GMR.