About the Authors

Gabriele Sales

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Bruce E. Deagle

Affiliation Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia

Enrica Calura

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Paolo Martini

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Alberto Biscontin

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Cristiano De Pittà

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

So Kawaguchi

Affiliation Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia

Chiara Romualdi

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Bettina Meyer

bettina.meyer@awi.de (BM); rodolfo.costa@unipd.it (RC); simon.jarman@gmail.com (SJ)

Affiliations Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany, Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany

Rodolfo Costa

bettina.meyer@awi.de (BM); rodolfo.costa@unipd.it (RC); simon.jarman@gmail.com (SJ)

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Simon Jarman

bettina.meyer@awi.de (BM); rodolfo.costa@unipd.it (RC); simon.jarman@gmail.com (SJ)

Affiliation Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: GS BED BM RC SJ. Data curation: GS BED SJ. Formal analysis: GS EC PM AB CDP CR. Funding acquisition: BM RC SJ. Investigation: BED SK BM SJ. Methodology: GS CR. Project administration: CDP CR BM RC SJ. Resources: CDP CR BM RC SJ. Software: GS EC PM CR. Supervision: CDP CR BM RC SJ. Validation: BM RC SJ. Visualization: GS EC PM. Writing – original draft: GS CDP CR BM RC SJ. Writing – review & editing: GS BED CDP CR BM RC SJ.