About the Authors

Wenping Deng

Affiliation School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, United States of America

Kui Zhang

Affiliation Department of Mathematical Sciences Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, United States of America

Victor Busov

Affiliation School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, United States of America

Hairong Wei

hairong@mtu.edu

Affiliations School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, United States of America, Life Science and Technology Institute, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, MI, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: WD HW. Data curation: VB HW. Formal analysis: WD HW. Funding acquisition: HW. Investigation: WD KZ VB. Methodology: WD HW. Project administration: WD HW. Resources: HW. Software: WD. Supervision: HW. Validation: KZ HW VB. Visualization: WD. Writing – original draft: WD HW. Writing – review & editing: WD HW.