About the Authors

Alia J. Crum

crum@stanford.edu

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Damon J. Phillips

Affiliation Department of Management, Columbia Business School, New York, New York, United States of America

J. Parker Goyer

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Modupe Akinola

Affiliation Department of Management, Columbia Business School, New York, New York, United States of America

E. Tory Higgins

Affiliations Department of Management, Columbia Business School, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: AJC DJP ETH. Data curation: AJC JPG MA. Formal analysis: AJC JPG. Funding acquisition: AJC. Investigation: AJC. Methodology: AJC DJP JPG MA ETH. Project administration: AJC. Resources: MA. Supervision: DJP MA ETH. Visualization: AJC JPG. Writing – original draft: AJC. Writing – review & editing: AJC DJP JPG MA ETH.