About the Authors

Bessel A. van der Kolk

besselvanderkolk@gmail.com

Affiliations Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (JRI), Brookline MA, United States of America, Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Boston, MA, United States of America, National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Brookline, Massachusetts, United States of America

Hilary Hodgdon

Affiliations Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (JRI), Brookline MA, United States of America, National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Brookline, Massachusetts, United States of America

Mark Gapen

Affiliation Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (JRI), Brookline MA, United States of America

Regina Musicaro

Affiliations Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (JRI), Brookline MA, United States of America, Department of Psychology, Suffolk University, Boston MA, United States of America

Michael K. Suvak

Affiliations Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (JRI), Brookline MA, United States of America, Department of Psychology, Suffolk University, Boston MA, United States of America

Ed Hamlin

Affiliations University or North Carolina School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Chapel Hill, NC, Western Carolina University, Psychology Department, Cullowhee, NC, United States of America

Joseph Spinazzola

Affiliations Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (JRI), Brookline MA, United States of America, National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Brookline, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Psychology, Suffolk University, Boston MA, United States of America

Competing Interests

No competing interests

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: BvdK, EH. Data curation: HH, MG, BvdK. Formal analysis: MS, MG. Funding acquisition: BvdK. Investigation: MG, RM, MG. Methodology: BvdK, JS, EH, MS. Project administration: MG, HH, BvdK. Resources: BvdK, HH,JS. Software: N/A. Supervision: EH, BvdK. Validation: HH, RM, JS. Visualization: RM. Writing – original draft: BvdK, MS, HH. Writing – review & editing: MG, EH, BvdK.