About the Authors

Gopalan Narendran

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Dhanasekaran Kavitha

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Ramesh Karunaianantham

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Leonardo Gil-Santana

Affiliations Unidade de Medicina Investigativa, Laboratótio Integrado de Microbiologia e Imunorregulação, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil, Multinational Organization Network Sponsoring Translational and Epidemiological Research (MONSTER) Initiative, Fundação José Silveira, Salvador, Brazil, Curso de Medicina, Faculdade de Tecnologia e Ciências, Salvador, Brazil

Jilson L. Almeida-Junior

Affiliations Unidade de Medicina Investigativa, Laboratótio Integrado de Microbiologia e Imunorregulação, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil, Multinational Organization Network Sponsoring Translational and Epidemiological Research (MONSTER) Initiative, Fundação José Silveira, Salvador, Brazil, Curso de Medicina, Faculdade de Tecnologia e Ciências, Salvador, Brazil

Sirasanambatti Devarajulu Reddy

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Marimuthu Makesh Kumar

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Haribabu Hemalatha

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Nagesh Nalini Jayanthi

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram Sanatorium, Chennai, India

Narayanan Ravichandran

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram Sanatorium, Chennai, India

Raja Krishnaraja

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram Sanatorium, Chennai, India

Angamuthu Prabhakar

Affiliation Government Vellore Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, India

Tamizhselvan Manoharan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Lokeswaran Nithyananthan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Gunasundari Arjunan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Mohan Natrajan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Soumya Swaminathan

Affiliations National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India, India Council of Medical Research, Health secretary, Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India

Bruno B. Andrade

bruno.andrade@bahia.fiocruz.br

Affiliations Unidade de Medicina Investigativa, Laboratótio Integrado de Microbiologia e Imunorregulação, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil, Multinational Organization Network Sponsoring Translational and Epidemiological Research (MONSTER) Initiative, Fundação José Silveira, Salvador, Brazil, Curso de Medicina, Faculdade de Tecnologia e Ciências, Salvador, Brazil

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: GN DK R. Karunaianantham SS BBA. Data curation: GN DK R. Karunaianantham LG-S BBA. Formal analysis: GN DK R. Karunaianantham LG-S BBA. Funding acquisition: SS GN. Investigation: GN DK R. Karunaianantham SDR MMK HH NNJ NR R. Krishnaraja AP TM LN GA MN BBA. Methodology: GN DK R. Karunaianantham SDR MMK HH NNJ NR R. Krishnaraja AP TM LN GA MN SS BBA. Project administration: GN R. Karunaianantham MN AP R. Krishnaraja MMK. Resources: GN DK R. Karunaianantham SDR MMK HH NNJ NR R. Krishnaraja AP TM LN GA MN BBA. Software: R. Karunaianantham BBA. Supervision: BBA SS GN. Validation: GN DK R. Karunaianantham SDR MMK HH NNJ NR R. Krishnaraja AP TM LN GA MN SS BBA. Visualization: GN R. Karunaianantham LG-S JLA-J. Writing – original draft: GN SS BBA. Writing – review & editing: GN LG-S BBA SS.