About the Authors

Sandy Liu

Contributed equally to this work with: Sandy Liu, Radu M. Cadaneanu

Affiliation Department of Hematology-Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Radu M. Cadaneanu

Contributed equally to this work with: Sandy Liu, Radu M. Cadaneanu

Affiliation Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Baohui Zhang

Affiliation Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Lihong Huo

Affiliation Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Kevin Lai

Affiliation Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Xinmin Li

Affiliation Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Colette Galet

Affiliation Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Tristan R. Grogan

Affiliation Department of Medicine Statistics Core, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

David Elashoff

Affiliation Department of Medicine Statistics Core, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Stephen J. Freedland

Affiliation Urologic Section, Department of Surgery, Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Matthew Rettig

Affiliations Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

William J. Aronson

Affiliations Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Urology Section, Department of Surgery, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Beatrice S. Knudsen

Affiliation Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Michael S. Lewis

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Health System, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Isla P. Garraway

igarraway@mednet.ucla.edu

Affiliations Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Urology Section, Department of Surgery, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: IG BK ML KL. Data curation: TG DE CG. Formal analysis: RC LH KL CG SL TG DE ML. Funding acquisition: IG DE SF WA MR BK ML. Investigation: SL RC BZ LH KL. Methodology: RC BZ LH KL XL CG TG DE ML. Project administration: IG. Resources: CG SF MR WA ML. Software: XL SF. Supervision: IG. Validation: RC BZ LH KL SL WA MR ML. Visualization: RC LH IG. Writing – original draft: SL RC IG. Writing – review & editing: CG BK.