About the Authors

Garance Di Pasquale

garancedipasquale@gmail.com

Affiliations UMT PrADE, Avignon, France, ACTA, Avignon, France

Cédric Alaux

Affiliations UMT PrADE, Avignon, France, INRA, UR 406 Abeilles et Environnement, Avignon, France

Yves Le Conte

Affiliations UMT PrADE, Avignon, France, INRA, UR 406 Abeilles et Environnement, Avignon, France

Jean-François Odoux

Affiliation INRA, Unité expérimentale d’entomologie, Le Magneraud, France

Maryline Pioz

Affiliations UMT PrADE, Avignon, France, INRA, UR 406 Abeilles et Environnement, Avignon, France

Bernard E. Vaissière

Affiliations UMT PrADE, Avignon, France, INRA, UR 406 Abeilles et Environnement, Avignon, France

Luc P. Belzunces

Affiliations UMT PrADE, Avignon, France, INRA, UR 406 Abeilles et Environnement, Avignon, France

Axel Decourtye

Affiliations UMT PrADE, Avignon, France, ACTA, Avignon, France, ITSAP-Institut de l’abeille, Avignon, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: GDP AD CA LPB YLC. Data curation: GDP. Formal analysis: MP GDP. Funding acquisition: AD CA LPB YLC. Investigation: GDP. Methodology: GDP CA AD LPB YLC. Project administration: GDP AD CA LPB YLC. Resources: GDP AD CA BEV JFO LPB YLC. Software: MP GDP. Supervision: GDP AD CA LPB YLC. Validation: GDP AD CA LPB YLC. Visualization: GDP AD CA LPB YLC. Writing – original draft: GDP. Writing – review & editing: GDP AD CA BEV JFO MP LPB YLC.