About the Authors

Vincent Larivière

vincent.lariviere@umontreal.ca

Affiliations Université de Montréal, École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l'information, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, H3C 3J7 Montréal, Qc., Canada, Université du Québec à Montréal, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur la science et la technologie (CIRST), Observatoire des sciences et des technologies (OST), C.P. 8888, Succ. Centre-Ville, H3C 3P8 Montreal, Qc., Canada

Rodrigo Costas

Affiliation Leiden University, Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS), Wassenaarseweg 62A, 2333 AL Leiden, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: VL RC. Formal analysis: VL RC. Funding acquisition: VL. Investigation: VL RC. Methodology: VL RC. Software: VL RC. Validation: VL RC. Visualization: VL RC. Writing – original draft: VL RC. Writing – review & editing: VL RC.