About the Authors

Hong-Mo Shih

Affiliations Department of Emergency Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Tai-Yi Hsu

Affiliations Department of Emergency Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Chih-Yu Chen

Affiliations Department of Emergency Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Cheng-Li Lin

Affiliations School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Management Office for Health Data, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Chia-Hung Kao

Affiliations Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Engineering, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan

Chao-Hsien Chen

Affiliation Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Tse-Yen Yang

Contributed equally to this work with: Tse-Yen Yang, Wei-Kung Chen

yang_t_y@yahoo.com.tw; hardawayoung@hotmail.com; hardawayoung@gmail.com

Affiliations Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Molecular and Genomic Epidemiology Center, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Wei-Kung Chen

Contributed equally to this work with: Tse-Yen Yang, Wei-Kung Chen

Affiliations Department of Emergency Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Competing Interests

Miss Cheng-Li Lin is a research assistant of the Management Office for Health Data, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: HMS CHK TYY. Data curation: CLL TYY CHK. Formal analysis: CLL CHK TYY. Funding acquisition: CLL CHK. Investigation: HMS TYH CYC CHK CHC WKC TYY. Methodology: CLL CHK. Project administration: CHK TYY WKC. Resources: HMS TYH CHK WKC. Software: CLL CHK. Supervision: CHK TYY WKC. Validation: CLL CHK TYY. Visualization: CHK TYY WKC. Writing – original draft: HMS CLL CHK TYY. Writing – review & editing: HMS CHK TYY WKC.