About the Authors

Carey Balaban

Contributed equally to this work with: Carey Balaban, Michael E. Hoffer

Affiliation University of Pittsburgh, Department of Otolaryngology, Pittsburgh, PA, United States of America

Michael E. Hoffer

Contributed equally to this work with: Carey Balaban, Michael E. Hoffer

michael.hoffer@miami.edu

Affiliations University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Miami, FL, United States of America, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Neurological Surgery, Miami, FL, United States of America, University of Miami Sports Performance and Wellness Institute, Miami, FL, United States of America

Mikhaylo Szczupak

Affiliations University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Miami, FL, United States of America, University of Miami Sports Performance and Wellness Institute, Miami, FL, United States of America

Hillary Snapp

Affiliation University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Miami, FL, United States of America

James Crawford

Affiliation Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology, Tacoma, WA, United States of America

Sara Murphy

Affiliations University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Miami, FL, United States of America, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States of America

Kathryn Marshall

Affiliation Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology, Tacoma, WA, United States of America

Constanza Pelusso

Affiliations University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Miami, FL, United States of America, University of Miami Sports Performance and Wellness Institute, Miami, FL, United States of America

Sean Knowles

Affiliation University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Miami, FL, United States of America

Alex Kiderman

Affiliation Neuro–Kinetics, Inc. Pittsburgh, PA, United States of America

Competing Interests

Alex Kiderman is an employee of Neuro Kinetics, Inc. The remainders of the authors have no conflict of interest to declare. This work was supported by Head Health Challenge II grant (National Football League, Underarmor, General Electric). The views expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Army, Department of Defense or the U.S. Government. Dr. Kiderman’s role was confined to device design and technical aspects of manuscript preparation and thus his employment by Neuro Kinetics, Inc. has no influence on the analysis, discussions, or conclusions of this manuscript. None of the funding sources or sponsors alters our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: CB MEH. Data curation: MEH SM KM CP. Formal analysis: MEH CB AK. Funding acquisition: MEH CB AK. Investigation: MEH CB MS HS JC SM KM CP SK AK. Methodology: CB MEH. Project administration: MEH SM KM CP. Resources: MEH AK. Software: AK. Supervision: MEH CB. Validation: MEH CB AK. Visualization: MEH CB AK MS. Writing – original draft: MEH CB AK MS. Writing – review & editing: MEH CB AK MS.