About the Authors

Maud Thomas

Affiliation Department of Mathematical Statistics, Chalmers University of Technology–Göteborg, Sweden

Magali Lemaitre

Affiliations Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, UMR_S 1136, F-75012, Paris, France, Fogarty International Center, NIH, Washington, DC, United States of America

Mark L. Wilson

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Cécile Viboud

Affiliation Fogarty International Center, NIH, Washington, DC, United States of America

Youri Yordanov

Affiliation Service des Urgences, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France

Hans Wackernagel

Affiliation Geostatistics group, Centre de Géosciences, MINES ParisTech, PSL Research University, Fontainebleau, France

Fabrice Carrat

fabrice.carrat@iplesp.upmc.fr

Affiliations Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, UMR_S 1136, F-75012, Paris, France, Public Health Unit, Saint-Antoine hospital, AP-HP, F-75012, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MT ML MLW CV YY HW FC. Analyzed the data: MT ML FC. Wrote the paper: MT ML MLW CV YY HW FC.