About the Authors

Kristina H. Young

kristina.young@providence.org

Affiliations Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America, The Oregon Clinic, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Jason R. Baird

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Talicia Savage

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Benjamin Cottam

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

David Friedman

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Shelly Bambina

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

David J. Messenheimer

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Bernard Fox

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Pippa Newell

Affiliations The Oregon Clinic, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America, Providence Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Cancer Program, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805, NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Keith S. Bahjat

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Michael J. Gough

Affiliation Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Marka R. Crittenden

Affiliations Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America, The Oregon Clinic, Portland, OR, 97213, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KHY JRB MJG MRC. Performed the experiments: KHY JRB TS BC DF SB DJM PN MJG. Analyzed the data: KHY BC DF SB BF MJG MRC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KHY JRB TS BC DF SB DJM BF PN KSB MJG MRC. Wrote the paper: KHY JRB TS BC DF SB DJM BF PN KSB MJG MRC.