About the Authors

Behrouz Eslami-Mossallam

Affiliations Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands, Biological and Soft Matter Physics, Huygens-Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Bionanoscience, Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft, The Netherlands

Raoul D. Schram

Affiliation Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands

Marco Tompitak

Affiliation Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands

John van Noort

Affiliation Biological and Soft Matter Physics, Huygens-Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands

Helmut Schiessel

schiessel@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl

Affiliation Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the paper: BEM JN HS. Developed the model: BEM HS. Performed the simulations: BEM MT. Analyzed the genomic data: RDS. Oversaw the project: JN HS.