About the Authors

Thomas J. Littlejohns

Affiliations Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, University of Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

Katarina Kos

Affiliation University of Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

William E. Henley

Affiliation University of Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

Iain A. Lang

Affiliation University of Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

Cedric Annweiler

Affiliation Department of Neuroscience, Geriatrics Division, Angers University Hospital, Angers, France

Olivier Beauchet

Affiliation Department of Neuroscience, Geriatrics Division, Angers University Hospital, Angers, France

Paulo H. M. Chaves

Affiliation Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, United States of America

Bryan R. Kestenbaum

Affiliation Kidney Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, University of Washington, Seattle, United States of America

Lewis H. Kuller

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States of America

Kenneth M. Langa

Affiliations Division of General Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Institute for Social Research, Institute of Gerontology and Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Veteran Affairs Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Oscar L. Lopez

Affiliation Department of Neurology and Psychiatry Division of General Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States of America

David J. Llewellyn

david.llewellyn@exeter.ac.uk

Affiliation University of Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TJL KK WEH DJL. Performed the experiments: TJL WEH DJL. Analyzed the data: TJL WEH DJL. Wrote the paper: TJL KK WEH IAL CA OB PHMC BRK LK KML OLL DJL. Acquisition of the data: BRK LK KML OLL. Interpretation of data for the work: TJL KK WEH IAL CA OB PHMC BRK LK KML OLL DJL.