About the Authors

Mirja Hoins

mhoins@awi.de

Affiliations Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, Marine Biogeosciences, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

Tim Eberlein

Affiliation Marine Biogeosciences, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

Christian H. Groβmann

Affiliation Marine Biogeosciences, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

Karen Brandenburg

Affiliation Marine Biogeosciences, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

Gert-Jan Reichart

Affiliations Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, Geology Department, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Den Hoorn (Texel), The Netherlands

Björn Rost

Affiliation Marine Biogeosciences, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

Appy Sluijs

Affiliation Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Dedmer B. Van de Waal

Affiliation Department of Aquatic Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MH TE DBVDW BR AS GJR. Performed the experiments: MH TE DBVDW CHG KB. Analyzed the data: MH TE DBVDW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MH TE DBVDW. Wrote the paper: MH DBVDW BR AS.