About the Authors

Alessia Nicotra

Affiliation Department of Neurosciences, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, W6 8RF, United Kingdom

Claus Newman

Affiliation Thalidomide Trust, 1 Eaton Court Road, Colmworth Business Park, Eaton Socon, St Neots, Cambridgeshire, PE19 8ER, United Kingdom

Martin Johnson

Affiliation Thalidomide Trust, 1 Eaton Court Road, Colmworth Business Park, Eaton Socon, St Neots, Cambridgeshire, PE19 8ER, United Kingdom

Oleg Eremin

Affiliation United Lincolnshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Lincoln County Hospital, Greetwell Road, Lincoln, LN2 5QY, United Kingdom

Tim Friede

Affiliation Department of Medical Statistics, University Medical Center Göttingen, 37073, Göttingen, Germany

Omar Malik

Affiliation Department of Neurosciences, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, W6 8RF, United Kingdom

Richard Nicholas

r.nicholas@imperial.ac.uk

Affiliations Department of Neurosciences, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, W6 8RF, United Kingdom, Department of Medicine, Division of Experimental Medicine, Centre for Neuroscience, Wolfson Neuroscience Laboratories, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

Dr Alessia Nicotra received a grant from the Thalidomide Trust for the work. Dr Claus Newman has received reimbursement of travel expenses from the Thalidomide Trust. Dr Martin Johnson was employed by the Thalidomide Trust. Professor Oleg Eremin has received reimbursement of travel expenses from the Thalidomide Trust. Dr Omar Malik received a grant from the Thalidomide Trust for the work. Professor Tim Friede has no competing interests. Dr Richard Nicholas received a grant from the Thalidomide Trust for the work and has received reimbursement of travel expenses from the Thalidomide Trust. The authors confirm that the competing interests statement does not alter their adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AN RN OM. Performed the experiments: AN RN OM. Analyzed the data: AN RN TF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AN TF. Wrote the paper: AN RN OM MJ CN OE TF. Idenitfied suitable subjects: CN MJ OE.