About the Authors

Daniel J. Maxwell

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom

Julian C. Partridge

Affiliations School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom, School of Animal Biology and Oceans Institute, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, Western Australia 6009

Nicholas W. Roberts

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom

Neil Boonham

Affiliation The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom

Gary D. Foster

gary.foster@bristol.ac.uk

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JCP GDF NB. Performed the experiments: DJM JCP. Analyzed the data: DJM JCP NWR GDF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JCP GDF NWR. Wrote the paper: DJM JCP NWR NB GDF.